Candice Garwood Pharm.D., FCCP, BCPS, BCACP

Candice Garwood Pharm.D., FCCP, BCPS, BCACP

Title

Professor (Clinical)

Department

Pharmacy Practice

Office Location

EACPHS, Room 4143

Phone

313-577-1371

Email

cgarwood@wayne.edu

Candice Garwood Pharm.D., FCCP, BCPS, BCACP

Degrees and Certifications

Degree

  • 2001 - PharmD, University of Texas at Austin

Certifications

  • 2018 - Board Certified Pharmaotherapy Specialist
  • 2018 - Board Certified Ambulatory Care Pharmacist
  • 2015 - Medication Therapy Management
  • 2002 - Basic Life Support
  • 2002 - Immunization Delivery

Positions and Employment

  • 2018 - Present - Professor (Clinical), Wayne State University
  • 2005 - Present - Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Harper University Hospital, Detroit Medical Center
  • 2011 - 2018 - Associate Professor (Clinical), Wayne State University
  • 2005 - 2011 - Assistant Professor (Clinical), Wayne State University
  • 2003 - 2005 - Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Iowa College of Pharmacy
  • 2002 - 2005 - Clinical Pharmacist, Liberty Pharmacy (North Liberty, IA)
  • 2001 - 2002 - Ambulatory Care Pharmacy Resident, St. Louis College of Pharmacy

Awards and Honors

  • 2016 - Michigan Pharmacists Association Excellence in Innovation Award. Presented for an innovative pharmacy practice program, resulting in improved patient care or safety, advancement of the profession, enhanced pharmacy systems or other professional development.
  • 2014 - Michigan Society of Health System Pharmacists President's Choice Award. Awarded for Advancement of Pharmacy Practice in Ambulatory Care.
  • 2014 - Best Poster Finalist and Ambulatory Care PRN Walk-Rounds Winner. American College of Clinic Pharmacy Virtual Poster Session 2014 - Kokoska LA, Wilhelm S, Garwood CL, Berlie H. Aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes: a meta-analysis.
  • 2014 - Governor's Award of Excellence for improved quality and patient safety in Michigan hospitals, physician practices, nursing homes and communities.
  • 2013 - Southeastern Michigan Society of Health System Pharmacists Innovative Practice Award.
  • 2013 - American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Best Practices Award. Advancing Pharmacy Practice in Transitions of Care: Post-Hospitalization Ambulatory Medication Reconciliation at a Patient Centered Medical Home. Team members: Candice Garwood, Pharm.D., FCCP, BCPS; Victoria Liu, Pharm.D.; Ann Balarezo, GNP-BC; Bibban Deol, MD; Marybeth Lepczyk, ACNS-BC; Annie Allen, LMSW; Melissa Lipari, Pharm.D., BCACP; David Trupiano, Pharm.D.; Lavoisier Cardozo, MD; Joel Steinberg, MD; Belenda House; Joanne MacDonald, Pharm.D.; David Bach Pharm.D., MPH; Kim Tsilimingras, BS Pharm; Greg Polk BS Pharm, MBA. Presented at American Society of Health System Pharmacists Midyear Clinical Meeting, Orlando, FL December 8, 2013.
  • 2013 - Fellow of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy.
  • 2012 - Excellence in Teaching Award, Wayne State University Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. Nominated by students and/or colleagues and selected by the College Awards Committee.
  • 2012 - Preceptor of the Year for Practice Site, Wayne State University – Harper University Hospital. Nominated and selected by 4th year pharmacy students.
  • 2010 - Best Resident Poster Finalist. American College of Clinical Pharmacy Spring Research Forum 2010. Khreizat H, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly: a Valid Barrier to the Initiation of Warfarin Therapy?
  • 2010 - Best Resident Poster Finalist. American College of Clinical Pharmacy Spring Research Forum 2010. Gadoua SM, Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Seasonal Variation in International Normalized Ratio Impacts Clinical Management: The Rise and Fall of Anticoagulation.
  • 2009 - Winner of the Best Resident Poster Competition. American College of Clinical Pharmacy/European Society of Clinical Pharmacy International Meeting 2009. Kleinow ME, Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Renal Dysfunction is Associated with Reduced Warfarin Maintenance Dose and Increased INR Stability.
  • 2004 - Selected to the Iowa Pharmacists Association’s Leadership Pharmacy Class.

Professional Memberships

  • Southeastern Michigan Society of Health-Systems Pharmacists
  • Michigan Society of Health Systems Pharmacists
  • Michigan Pharmacists Association
  • American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
  • American Society of Health System Pharmacists
  • American College of Clinical Pharmacists, Fellow, Ambulatory Care PRN member, Geriatrics PRN member

Areas of Expertise

  • Anticoagulation
  • Geriatric Pharmacotherapy

Recent Publications

  • Garwood CL. Thromboembolic Diseases. In: Tisdale JE, Miller DA, eds. Drug Induced Diseases: Prevention, Detection, and Management. Bethesda: American Society of Health System Pharmacy. 2010:941-61.
  • Garwood CL. Thromboembolic Diseases. In: Tisdale JE, Miller DA, eds. Drug Induced Diseases: Prevention, Detection, and Management, Third Edition. Bethesda: American Society of Health System Pharmacy. 2018:1063-85.
  • Garwood CL, Bajwa M. Eye Diseases of the Older Adult. In: Dunsworth TS, Richardson MM, Cheng J, et al, eds. Pharmacotherapy Self-Assessment Program, 6th ed. Chronic Illnesses. Kansas City, MO: American College of Clinical Pharmacy. 2009:123-35.
  • Burnett A, Garwood CL. Direct Oral Anticoagulants. In: Dager WE, Gulseth MP, Nutescu EA, eds. Anticoagulation Therapy Point of Care Handbook, Second Edition. Bethesda: American Society of Health System Pharmacy. 2018:131-61.
  • Garwood CL, VanSchepen, KA, McDonough RP, Sullivan AM. Increased Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Levels with Concomitant Administration of Levothyroxine and Raloxifene. Pharmacotherapy. 2006; 26(6):881-5.
  • Potts LA, Garwood CL. Varenicline: The Newest Agent for Tobacco Cessation. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;64(13):1381-4.
  • Garwood CL, Potts LA. Emerging Pharmacotherapies for Smoking Cessation. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;64(16):1693-8.
  • Garwood CL, Dumo P, Baringhaus S, Laban K. Quality of Anticoagulation in Stable Patients Discharged from a Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(1):20-26.
  • Peters J, Garwood CL, Lepczyk M. Behavioral Changes with Paranoia in an Elderly Woman Taking Atorvastatin. Am J Ger Pharmacother. 2008;6(1);28-32.
  • Garwood CL, Corbett TL. The Use of Anticoagulation in Elderly with Atrial Fibrillation Who are at Risk for Falls. Ann Pharmacother. 2008;42(4):523-32.
  • Berlie HD, Garwood CL. Diabetes Medications Related to an Increased Risk of Falls and Fall-Related Morbidity in the Elderly. Ann Pharmacother. 2010;44(4):712-17.
  • Berlie HD, Garwood CL. Authors’ Reply. Diabetes Medications Related to an Increased Risk of Falls and Fall-Related Morbidity in the Elderly. Ann Pharmacother. 2010;44(12):2039-40.
  • Garwood CL, Clemente JL, Ibe GN, Kandula VA, Curtis KD, Whittaker P. Warfarin Maintenance Dose in the Older Patients: Higher Average and Wider Dose Frequency Distribution in African versus European Ancestry Patients. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2010;45(1):93-7.
  • Corbett TL, Ehler K, Garwood CL. Successful Use of Fondaparinux in a Patient with a Mechanical Aortic Heart Valve Replacement with a History of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia. J Thromb and Thrombolys. 2010;30(3):375-7.
  • Garwood CL, Gortney JS, Corbett TL. Is There a Role for Fondaparinux in Perioperative Bridging? Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011;68(1):36-42.
  • Garwood CL, Bishja M, Smythe MA. A Novel Approach to Anticoagulation Course Instruction: Incorporation of a Patient Modeling Component. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74(10):Article 187.
  • Kleinow ME, Garwood CL, Clemente JL, Whittaker P. Effect of Chronic Kidney Disease on Warfarin Management in a Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic. J Manag Care Pharm. 2011;17(7):523-30.
  • Hwang JM, Clemente J, Sharma KP, Taylor TN, Garwood CL. Transportation Cost of Anticoagulation Clinic Visits in an Urban Setting. J Manag Care Pharm. 2011;17(8):635-40. Role: I was a co-investigator and am the corresponding and senior author.
  • Garwood CL, Hwang J, Moser LR. Striking a Balance Between the Risks and Benefits of Anticoagulation Bridging in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Clinical Updates and Remaining Controversies. Pharmacotherapy. 2011;31(12):1208-20.
  • Hwang JM, Taylor TN, Sharma KP, Clemente JL, Garwood CL. Bridging for an Isolated Subtherapeutic INR: an Evaluation of Clinical Practice Patterns, Outcomes, and Costs from an Anticoagulation Clinic. J Thromb Thrombolys. 2012;33(1):28-37.
  • Khreizat HS, Whittaker P, Curtis KD, Turlo G, Garwood CL. The Effect of Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly on the Initial and Long-Term Stability of Warfarin Therapy. Drugs Aging. 2012;29(4):307-17.
  • Salinitri FD, O’Connell ME, Garwood CL, Tutag-Lehr V, Abdallah K. An Objective Structured Clinical Examination to Assess Problem-Based Learning. Am J Pharm Educ. 2012;76(3):44.
  • Johnson JL, Garwood CL, Moser LR. Health Literacy: A Primer for Pharmacists. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2013;70(11):949-55.
  • Nigro SC, Garwood CL, Berlie H, Irons B, Longyhore D, McFarland MS, Saseen JJ, Trewet CB. Clinical Pharmacists as Key Members of the Patient-Centered Medical Home: An Opinion Statement of the Ambulatory Care Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 2014;34(1):96-108.
  • Garwood CL, Curtis KD, Belanger GJ, Cardozo LJ, Turlo GE, Steinberg JD, Lepczyk, M. Preliminary Data from A Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic Embedded in a Multidisciplinary Patient Centered Medical Home: A Coordinated, Quality, Cost-Savings Model. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014;62(3):536-40.
  • Liu VC, Garwood CL. Transition of Care Post-Hospitalization Medication Reconciliation Program in a Patient Centered Medical Home and an Accountable Care Organization. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2015;72(9):690-93.
  • O'Connell MB, Chang F, Tocco A, Mills ME, Hwang JM, Garwood CL, Khreizat HS, Gupta NS. Drug-Related Problem Outcomes and Program Satisfaction from a Comprehensive Brown Bag Medication Review. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63(9):1900-5.
  • Garwood CL, Chaben A. What is the Best Option for Stroke Prevention Therapy in the Elderly Patient with Difficulty Using Warfarin? Ann Longterm Care. 2016; 24(4):31-39.
  • Kokoska L, El Masri D, Berlie HN, Garwood CL. Aspirin Prescribing Patterns for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Geriatric Patients with Diabetes: Survey of Prescribers Based on Experience. J Clin Gerontol Geriatr. 2016;7(2):33-6.
  • Kokoska L, Wilhelm SM, Garwood CL, Berlie HD. Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Diabetes: a Meta-Analysis. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2016:120:31-39.
  • Thiel B, Binns-Emerick L, Garwood CL. Pharmacy Resident Research: Improving Publication Potential and Simultaneously Identifying Intangible Gains in the Process. Curr Pharmacy Teach Learn. 2016;8(6):920-23.
  • Garwood CL, Korkis B, Mohammad I, Lepczyk M, Risko K. Implementation of Chronic Care Management Services in Primary Care Practice. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2016;73(23):1924-32.
  • Smith AL, Garwood CL, Bailey T, Decator D, Elder J, Green A, Kostoff D, Lucarotti RL, MacDonald N, Malburg D, Ottney A, Remington T, Shuster J. State Affiliate Initiative to Advance Ambulatory Care Practice. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2016;73(23):1909-14.
  • Garwood CL, Korkis B, Grande D, Hanni C, Morin A, Moser LR. Anticoagulation Bridge Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Recent Updates Providing a Re-Balance of Risk and Benefit. Pharmacotherapy 2017;37(6):712-24.
  • Mohammad I, Shuster J, Petrovitch E, Garwood CL. Implementation of a Direct Oral Anticoagulant Discharge Service. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2017 Jul 15;74(14):1040-1044.
  • Mohammad I, Korkis B, Garwood CL. Incorporating Comprehensive Management of Direct Oral Anticoagulants into Anticoagulation Clinics. Pharmacotherapy. 2017; 37(10):1284-97.
  • Liu V, Mohammad I, Deol BB, Balarezo A, Deng L, Garwood CL. Post-Discharge Medication Reconciliation: Reduction in Readmissions in a Geriatric Primary Care Clinic. J Aging Health. EPub [30 Aug 2018].
  • Garwood, CL. The Future of Anticoagulation Management Services: Ensuring and Expanding Patient Access to Pharmacists’ Care. J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2018;1:56-7.
  • Hwang J, Garwood C. Baby Orajel Smart Dose Teething Gel. Pharmacy Times, American Pharmacist Association, 2010;16(10):29.
  • Garwood CL, Kokoska L. Accountable Care Organizations in Michigan: Michigan Pioneer ACO Detroit. Michigan Pharmacist. 2013;51(3):34-35.
  • Lipari M, Garwood CL, Moser L. Identifying and Improving Medication Nonadherence: A Primer for Pharmacists. Michigan Pharmacist. 2015;53(1):41-44.
  • Gu X, Garwood CL. Challenges in Antimicrobial Stewardship in Outpatient Settings. MSHP Monitor. 2016;35(6):3-6.
  • Garwood CL, Dumo P, Baringhaus S, Laban K. Quality of Anticoagulation Care in Stable Patients Discharged from a Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(4):15e.
  • Baringhaus S, Laban K, Garwood CL, Dumo P. Patient Satisfaction at a Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic Compared with Physician-Managed Anticoagulation Care. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(4):35e.
  • Salinitri FD, Garwood CL, Lehr VT, Abdullah K, O’Connell MB. Evaluation of Student and Faculty Opinions and Performance on an Objective Structural Clinical Examination to Assess Problem Based Learning. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(10):205e.
  • Garwood CL, Clemente JL, Ibe GN, Kandula VA, Whittaker P. Age and Ethnicity Influence Warfarin Maintenance Dose: A Comparison of Elderly African American Patients and White patients. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28:141e-42e.
  • Kleinow ME, Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Renal Dysfunction is Associated with Reduced Warfarin Maintenance Dose and Increased INR Instability. Pharmacotherapy. 2009;29:50e-51e.
  • Whittaker P, Garwood CL, Kleinow ME, Curtis K, Clemente JL. Renal Dysfunction in Older Patients is Associated with Reduced Warfarin Maintenance Dose and Decreased Anticoagulation Stability. J Thromb Haemostasis 2009;7(Suppl. 2):789.
  • Clemente JL, Shuster J, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Stroke and Hypertension Awareness in a High-Risk Population: Influence of a Pharmacist-Initiated Intervention in an Anticoagulation Clinic. Pharmacotherapy. 2009;29:184e-85e.
  • Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Johnson JL, Whittaker P. Anticoagulation Stability is Determined by the Consistency and Quantity of Vitamin K Consumption. Pharmacotherapy. 2009;29:185e-86e.
  • Gadoua SM, Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Seasonal Variation in International Normalized Ratio Impacts Clinical Management: The Rise and Fall of Anticoagulation. Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30:153e. Best Resident Poster Finalist.
  • Khreizat H, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly: A Valid Barrier to the Initiation of Warfarin Therapy? Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30:158e-59e. Best Resident Poster Finalist.
  • Whittaker P, Clemente JL, Garwood CL, Przyklenk K. Power-Law Analysis: A Novel Method for Evaluation of Anticoagulation Stability and International Normalized Ratios. Pathophysiol Haemost Thromb. 2010;37(S1):A137.
  • Garwood CL, Smythe MA. A Novel Approach to Anticoagulation Course Instruction: Incorporation of a Patient Modeling Component. Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30:386e.
  • Hwang J, Clemente J, Taylor T, Sharma K, Garwood C. Transportation Cost of Anticoagulation Clinic Visits in an Urban Setting. J Thromb Thrombolys. 2011;31:369-70.
  • Hwang J, Clement J, Taylor T, Sharma K, Garwood C. Bridging for an Isolated Subtherapeutic INR: An Analysis of Clinical Practice Patterns and Outcomes from an Anticoagulation Clinic. J Thromb Thrombolys. 2011;31:377-78.
  • Hwang J, Garwood C, Clement J, Sharma K, Taylor T. Bridging for an Isolated Subtherapeutic INR: A Cost Analysis from the Patient, Provider, Payor and Society Perspective. J Thromb Thrombolys. 2011;31:378-79.
  • O'Connell MB, Salinitri FD, Smith JM, Garwood C, Tutag Lehr V, Van Sipe L, Sawilowsky SS. Standardized Assessment of Observed Structured Clinical Examinations. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011;75 (05): Article 105.
  • Garwood CL, Johnson JL, Habermas S, Whittaker P. Anticoagulation instability in warfarin-treated patients with chronic kidney disease: can clinic management strategies improve stability? Pharmacotherapy. 2011:31:342e.
  • Johnson JL, Moser LR, Garwood CL, Lipari M. Pharmacist Interventions and Health Care Outcomes in a Novel Heart Failure Medication Adherence Clinic. Pharmacotherapy. 2012;32:e183.
  • Trewet CB, Berlie H, DeYoung R, Logemann CD, Ference J, Pearce EF, Pincus K, Garwood CL, Schumacher C. Current Pharmacist Involvement in the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH): a Survey of ACCP Members. Pharmacotherapy. 2013;33:e63.
  • Liu VC, Deol BB, Balarezo A, Trupiano DP, Garwood C. Outcomes of Ambulatory Medication Reconciliation in a Geriatric Patient-Centered Medical Home. Pharmacotherapy. 2013;33(10):e247.
  • Kokoska LA, Wilhelm S, Garwood CL, Berlie H. Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Diabetes: a Meta-Analysis. Pharmacotherapy. 2014;34(6):e82.
  • Gortney JS, Moser L, Garwood CL, Crabtree B, Slaughter R, Abramson H. Curricular Revision in the Face of ACPE Standards 2016. Am J Pharm Educ. 2015;79(5): Article S4:107.
  • Korkis B, Mohammad I, Garwood CL. Implementation of Chronic Care Management Services in a Patient-Centered Medical Home. Pharmacotherapy. 2016; 36(7):e104.
  • McConachie S, Franckowiak T, Raub J, Yost R, MacDonald J, Risko K, Garwood C, Petrovich E. Derivation and Evaluation of a 30 day Hospital Readmission Risk Index. Pharmacotherapy. 2017; (Accepted).
  • Lahiri M, Gortney JS, Moser LR, Garwood, CL. Evaluating Effectiveness of a Renewed PharmD Curriculum Implementation Using Exploratory Focus Group Design. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017;81(5): Article S5.
  • Gortney JS, Lahiri M, Moser LR, Garwood CL, Crabtree BL. An Enhanced Student Advising Process to Develop and Assess Elements of CAPE Domain 4. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017;81(5): Article S6.
  • Mohammad I, Garwood CL, Whittaker P. Outcomes of Chronic Care Management (CCM) in Primary Care Practice. Pharmacotherapy. Pharmacotherapy. 2017;37(12):e136-7.
  • Lahiri M, Gortney JS, Moser L, Garwood C. Designing and Implementing Student Focus Groups for Longitudinal Evaluation of Renewed-curriculum Implementation over P1-P2 years. Am J Pharm Educ. 2018. Accepted for presentation at the 2018 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting in Boston.
  • Korkis B, Lobkovich A, Mohammad I, Garwood CL. Implementation of a Direct Oral Anticoagulant Service in a Pharmacist-Managed Anticoagulation Clinic. Pharmacotherapy. 2018. [presented at the 2018 American College of Clinical Pharmacy Global Conference on Clinical Pharmacy in Seattle, WA.]